Completed projects/activities

Automobile Logistics

This project supported by the DFG was edited by T. Becker in the period from 2008 to 2011. It was directed by Prof. Dr.-Ing. K.Windt at the Jacobs University within SFB637.


The different approaches regarding autonomous control in logistics have in common that a higher achievement of the logistic targets should be realized by coping with complexity and dividing the planning task. This leads to a shift of the decision process to the autonomous acting logistic objects. To be able to perform a well-founded investigation an evaluation system is needed which fulfills the following requirements:
  1. To determine the degree of complexity of a logistic system.
  2. To determine the degree of autonomous control of a logistic system.
  3. To measure the achievement of the logistic targets of a logistic system.
Only by matching these requirements an evaluation system will be able to conclude whether central control or autonomous control is the better choice.



The transfer project is about investigating and evaluating methods of autonomous control in automobile logistics based on the concepts and methods for modeling, control and evaluation of logistic processes developed by the SFB 637. We focus on the comparison of rule-based and bounded rationality methods of autonomous control for a selected area in automobile logistics, which is represented by a car terminal. The evaluation of the single methods of autonomous control is conducted using the evaluation system for autonomous controlled logistic systems. This evaluation system offers the determination of the achievement of the logistic targets by taking into account the degree of complexity and the degree of autonomous control of the observed logistic system.


In a first step, a plurality of self- control methods available in the literature have been collected and analyzed. The methods were categorized based on various characteristics such as decision depth, parameterization, etc.. From the process descriptions of the automobile terminal a complex simulation model was created in the software Plant Simulation. The real vehicle data from 2008 ( 150,000 records) were used as input for the simulation. In this case, 6 different autonomous control methods for controlling the processes in the automotive terminal were programmed. The performance of the methods was measured by the logistic goals short lead times, high delivery reliability, high capacity utilization and low stocks and was summarized in a weighted vector. The results of the simulation show that the individual methods show a different goal achievement depending on the application. The additional consideration of future decisions leads to rather higher achievement. Furthermore, it was shown that self-monitoring in almost all cases obtained better results than the control standard used.



  • Till Becker and Katja Windt (2011). A Comparative View on Existing Autonomous Control Approaches - Observations from a Simulation Study. Autonomous Cooperation and Control in Logistics: Contributions and Limitations - Theoretical and Practical Perspectives Springer, Berlin: [www] [BibTex]


  • Katja Windt and Till Becker and Dimitar Asenov and Farhad Arbabzadah (2010). A generic implementation approach of autonomous control methods in production logistics. The Eighth IEEE International Conference on Control & Automation (ICCA 2010), 9-11 June 2010, Xiamen, China 629-633. [doi] [BibTex]

  • Katja Windt and Till Becker and Oliver Jeken and Achim Gelessus (2010). A classification pattern for autonomous control methods in logistics. Logistics Research. 2 (2), Springer-Verlag: 109-120. [doi] [www] [BibTex]

  • Katja Windt and Till Becker and Ivelin Kolev (2010). A comparison of the logistics performance of autonomous control methods in production logistics. Proceedings of the 43rd CIRP International Conference on Manufacturing Systems. Sustainable Production and Logistics in Global Networks NW Verlag, Vienna: 576-583. [BibTex]

  • Katja Windt and Oliver Jeken and Till Becker (2010). Selbststeuerung in der Produktion - Verbesserte Logistikleistung durch Ausschöpfung von Flexibilitätspotentialen in Fertigung und Montage. ZWF Zeitschrift für wirtschaftlichen Fabrikbetrieb. 105 (5), 439-443. [www] [BibTex]

  • Katja Windt and Thorsten Philipp and Felix Böse and Till Becker (2010). Application of a three-component evaluation system for autonomous control in logistics. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture. 224 (8), 1267-1276. [doi] [www] [BibTex]


  • Till Becker and Katja Windt (2009). Applying Autonomous Control Methods in Different Logistic Processes - A Comparison by Using an Autonomous Control Application Matrix. Proceedings of the 17th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation Thessaloniki, Greece [BibTex]